- Athletic Performance
- Bone Health
- Brain Function
- Breast Health & Cancer
- Dental Health
- Flu & Colds
- Hair & Hair Loss
- Heart & Circulation
- Kidney & Renal Health
- Lung Health
- Men's Health
- Mental Health
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Musculoskeletal Health
- Oral Health
- Pain - Chronic
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Sunbeds & Tanning
- Thyroid Health
- UV Sun & Sunlight
- Vital Research
- Vitamin D
Controlled Tanning and Skin Typing
A tanned skin provides the best possible light protection. The advantages of a solarium tanning are controlled tanning and exactly dosed to suit every skin type because modern tanning systems provide a ratio of UVA and UVB rays that is more favourable to the skin than that of the natural sun.
Even little doses of UVB rays as well as intense UVA radiation stimulate the cells in deeper skin layers to produce more prepigments. Two to five days after the tanning session, these pre-pigments rise to the top epidermal layer. When they are hit by UVA rays on their way up, they produce a dark, lasting natural-looking freshly tanned skin.
Through to a slowly tanning in a well-dosed manner over a couple of weeks, your skin will form the so-called thickening of the top epidermal layer that extends the self protection time of your skin. Your skin may thus acquire a natural sun protection factor of up to level eight. By careful and moderate pre-tanning allergic reactions to sunlight may be reduced or even completely avoided.
We use the Fitzpatrick Skin Typing Chart to determine tanning timesThe Fitzpatrick Skin Type Chart
You can use this chart for self-assessment, by adding up the score for each of the questions you've answered. At the end there is a scale providing a range for each of the six skin-type categories. Following the scale is an explanation of each of the skin types. You can quickly and easily determine which skin type you are. In addition, you need to identify another aspect of your skin type. That is whether you have oily, dry, normal or sensitive skin.
TYPE 1: Highly sensitive, always burns, never tans. Example: Red hair with freckles
TYPE 2: Very sun sensitive, burns easily, tans minimally. Example: Fair skinned, fair haired Caucasians
TYPE 3: Sun sensitive skin, sometimes burns, slowly tans to light brown. Example: Darker Caucasians.
TYPE 4: Minimally sun sensitive, burns minimally, always tans to moderate brown. Example: Mediterranian type Caucasians.
TYPE 5: Sun insensitive skin, rarely burns, tans well. Example: Some Hispanics, some Blacks
TYPE 6: Sun insensitive, never burns, deeply pigmented. Example: Darker Blacks.
What is the colour of your eyes?
Light blue, Grey, Green
Blue, Grey or Green
What is the natural colour of your hair?
What is the colour of your skin (non exposed areas)?
Pale with Beige tint
Do you have freckles on unexposed areas?
Reaction to Sun Exposure
What happens when you stay in the sun too long?
Painful redness, blistering, peeling
Blistering followed by peeling
Burns sometimes followed by peeling
Never had burns
To What degree do you turn brown?
Hardly or not at all
Light colour tan
Tan very easy
Turn dark brown quickly
Do you turn brown within several hours after sun exposure?
How does your face react to the sun?
Never had a problem
When did you last expose your body to sun (or artificial sunlamp/tanning cream)?
More than 3 months ago
2-3 months ago
1-2 months ago
Less than a month ago
Less than 2 weeks ago
Did you expose the area to be treated to the sun?
Skin Type based on scores